Basic Knee Anatomy

The knee joint is the juction between the upper and the lower leg. The bones that form the knee are the femur at the top, the tibia at the bottom and the fibula and patella bones also form part of the knee joint. The knee has articular cartilage as well as a meniscus between the bone surfaces. Ligaments provide stability to the knee joint (ACL, PCL, MCL & LCL). There are also small fluid filled sacks called bursa that prevent friction and absorb impact in the knee. Lastly the knee capsule surrounds the joint to keep all the different parts in a safe and ideal environment to provide you with a functional knee joint. A number of these “parts” can be injured or suffer wear and tear which leads to knee pain. Follow our page to see further details on knee injuries.

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